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留学生能不能“公式化”essay写作?

来源:原创    更新时间:2018-11-27 17:04:41    编辑:管理员    浏览:324

写好一篇essay其实不需要你想的那么复杂。甚至,它可以简单到5个段落。同学们按照这类“公式”去完成作业,相信会简单得多。下面Meeloun小编就给大家详细解答一下如何写好一篇essay。

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essay写作

基本上高中和大学的论文是按照以下5个标准构成的:


论文的5个段落结构


段落一:引言(Introduction)


段落二:主体1(Body 1)


段落三:主体2(Body 2)


段落四:主体3(Body 3)


段落五:总结(Conclusion)


虽然它看起来似乎是公式化的-其实,确实如此-这种结构背后的逻辑是让读者更容易理解文章段落中的中心思想。如果你的论文也使用相似的结构,那么所有读者都可以快速轻松的找到与相关的信息。


引言(The Introduction)


引言的关键是点明你的立场(也被称为“论点”或“论证”)。


论点需要清晰明确,最好用一句话来表明你的论点,这样可以让读者在脑海里对你的文章中心思想非常明确。接下来围绕论点,你应该起草一个概述的大纲去阐述支持你的论点。


在写引言的最后一句话的时候最好要以过度的形式展开,顺其自然的与接下来的内容衔接上。


让我们一起来看一个优秀的引言举例:


题目:


Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?


引言:No man is an island and, as such, he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences. People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.‍


主体(The body paragraphs)


正文段落需要充分举例证明你的论点。


对于第一个正文段落你应该使用最具有说服力的论证或例子去阐述你的论点,除非需要其他的明显的开始(如按时间顺序)


为读者在脑海里勾勒你的思想,最后围绕你的题目论点举出5-6个相关的事实案例。之后你需要有逻辑的阐明为什么这些例子可以证明你的论点。一定不能低估这个部分的重要性,这个是你之前举例的意义所在。


接着上面的引言举例,让我们一起来看这个论文主体的举例:


主体:“Take, by way of example, Thomas Edison. The famed American inventor rose to prominence in the late 19th century because of his successes, yes, but even he felt that these successes were the result of his many failures. He did not succeed in his work on one of his most famous inventions, the lightbulb, on his first try nor even on his hundred and first try. In fact, it took him more than 1,000 attempts to make the first incandescent bulb but, along the way, he learned quite a deal. As he himself said, I did not fail a thousand times but instead succeeded in finding a thousand ways it would not work. Thus Edison demonstrated both in thought and action how instructive mistakes can be”.                                                                    


总结(The Conclusion)


最后一段是你的文章的结尾部分,一定不能成为你对文章内容的感想。因为最后一段是你点明观点的最后机会,所以一定要有严格的格式来呈现结尾内容。


过度到结尾一般使用((in conclusion, in the end, )这样的总结性词汇开始。之后你应该立即再次强调你的论点陈述。这对明确你的论点会起到很好的作用,同时也起到了总结正文三个要点的作用。


最后让我们一起来看以下论文结尾举例:


“In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless”.


Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this: 


Introduction Paragraph


An attention-grabbing hook


A thesis statement


A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs.


First Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Second Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Third Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Concluding Paragraph


Concluding Transition, Reverse hook, and restatement of thesis.


Rephrasing main topic and subtopics.


Global statement or call to action.‍


以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于essay写作的段落结构,希望能够帮助同学们顺利拿到高分!对于essay写作有疑问的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!Meeloun竭诚为海外学子服务!

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